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Allosteric communication across the native and mutated KIT receptor tyrosine kinase.

TitleAllosteric communication across the native and mutated KIT receptor tyrosine kinase.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLaine, E, Auclair, C, Tchertanov, L
JournalPLoS Comput Biol
Volume8
Issue8
Paginatione1002661
Date Published2012
ISSN1553-7358
KeywordsAllosteric Regulation, Models, Molecular, Mutation, Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
Abstract

A fundamental goal in cellular signaling is to understand allosteric communication, the process by which signals originated at one site in a protein propagate dependably to affect remote functional sites. Here, we describe the allosteric regulation of the receptor tyrosine kinase KIT. Our analysis evidenced that communication routes established between the activation loop (A-loop) and the distant juxtamembrane region (JMR) in the native protein were disrupted by the oncogenic mutation D816V positioned in the A-loop. In silico mutagenesis provided a plausible way of restoring the protein communication detected in the native KIT by introducing a counter-balancing second mutation D792E. The communication patterns observed in the native and mutated KIT correlate perfectly with the structural and dynamical features of these proteins. Particularly, a long-distance effect of the D816V mutation manifested as an important structural re-organization of the JMR in the oncogenic mutant was completely vanished in the double mutant D816V/D792E. This detailed characterization of the allosteric communication in the different forms of KIT, native and mutants, was performed by using a modular network representation composed of communication pathways and independent dynamic segments. Such representation permits to enrich a purely mechanistic interaction-based model of protein communication by the introduction of concerted local atomic fluctuations. This method, validated on KIT receptor, may guide a rational modulation of the physiopathological activities of other receptor tyrosine kinases.

DOI10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002661
Alternate JournalPLoS Comput. Biol.
PubMed ID22927810
PubMed Central IDPMC3426562