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Arabidopsis and Chlamydomonas phosphoribulokinase crystal structures complete the redox structural proteome of the Calvin-Benson cycle

TitleArabidopsis and Chlamydomonas phosphoribulokinase crystal structures complete the redox structural proteome of the Calvin-Benson cycle
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGurrieri, L, Del Giudice, A, Demitri, N, Falini, G, Pavel, NV, Zaffagnini, M, Polentarutti, M, Crozet, P, Marchand, CH, Henri, J, Trost, P, Lemaire, SD, Sparla, F, Fermani, S
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Volume116
Pagination8048-8053
Date PublishedApr 16
ISBN Number1091-6490 (Electronic)0027-8424 (Linking)
Abstract

In land plants and algae, the Calvin-Benson (CB) cycle takes place in the chloroplast, a specialized organelle in which photosynthesis occurs. Thioredoxins (TRXs) are small ubiquitous proteins, known to harmonize the two stages of photosynthesis through a thiol-based mechanism. Among the 11 enzymes of the CB cycle, the TRX target phosphoribulokinase (PRK) has yet to be characterized at the atomic scale. To accomplish this goal, we determined the crystal structures of PRK from two model species: the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii (CrPRK) and the land plant Arabidopsis thaliana (AtPRK). PRK is an elongated homodimer characterized by a large central beta-sheet of 18 strands, extending between two catalytic sites positioned at its edges. The electrostatic surface potential of the catalytic cavity has both a positive region suitable for binding the phosphate groups of substrates and an exposed negative region to attract positively charged TRX-f. In the catalytic cavity, the regulatory cysteines are 13 A apart and connected by a flexible region exclusive to photosynthetic eukaryotes-the clamp loop-which is believed to be essential for oxidation-induced structural rearrangements. Structural comparisons with prokaryotic and evolutionarily older PRKs revealed that both AtPRK and CrPRK have a strongly reduced dimer interface and an increased number of random-coiled regions, suggesting that a general loss in structural rigidity correlates with gains in TRX sensitivity during the molecular evolution of PRKs in eukaryotes.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30923119
Short TitleProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America