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Comparative and phylogenetic analysis of a novel family of Enterobacteriaceae-associated genomic islands that share a conserved excision/integration module.

TitleComparative and phylogenetic analysis of a novel family of Enterobacteriaceae-associated genomic islands that share a conserved excision/integration module.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsPiña-Iturbe, A, Ulloa-Allendes, D, Pardo-Roa, C, Coronado-Arrázola, I, Salazar-Echegarai, FJ, Sclavi, B, González, PA, Bueno, SM
JournalSci Rep
Volume8
Issue1
Pagination10292
Date Published2018 Jul 06
ISSN2045-2322
Abstract

Genomic Islands (GIs) are DNA regions acquired through horizontal gene transfer that encode advantageous traits for bacteria. Many GIs harbor genes that encode the molecular machinery required for their excision from the bacterial chromosome. Notably, the excision/integration dynamics of GIs may modulate the virulence of some pathogens. Here, we report a novel family of GIs found in plant and animal Enterobacteriaceae pathogens that share genes with those found in ROD21, a pathogenicity island whose excision is involved in the virulence of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis. In these GIs we identified a conserved set of genes that includes an excision/integration module, suggesting that they are excisable. Indeed, we found that GIs within carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae ST258 KP35 and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli O127:H6 E2348/69 are excised from the bacterial genome. In addition to putative virulence factors, these GIs encode conjugative transfer-related proteins and short and full-length homologues of the global transcriptional regulator H-NS. Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the identified GIs likely originated in phytopathogenic bacteria. Taken together, our findings indicate that these GIs are excisable and may play a role in bacterial interactions with their hosts.

DOI10.1038/s41598-018-28537-0
Alternate JournalSci Rep
PubMed ID29980701
PubMed Central IDPMC6035254