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PDR3, a new yeast regulatory gene, is homologous to PDR1 and controls the multidrug resistance phenomenon.

TitlePDR3, a new yeast regulatory gene, is homologous to PDR1 and controls the multidrug resistance phenomenon.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1994
AuthorsDelaveau, T, Delahodde, A, Carvajal, E, Subik, J, Jacq, C
JournalMol Gen Genet
Date Published1994 Sep 1
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Base Sequence, Chromosomes, Fungal, DNA, Fungal, DNA-Binding Proteins, Drug Resistance, Microbial, Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal, Genes, Fungal, Genes, Regulator, Microbial Sensitivity Tests, Molecular Sequence Data, Open Reading Frames, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Restriction Mapping, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins, Sequence Alignment, Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid, Transcription Factors, Zinc Fingers

The Saccharomyces cerevisiae PDR3 gene, located near the centromere of chromosome II, has been completely sequenced and characterised. Mutations pdr3-1 and pdr3-2, which confer resistance to several antibiotics can be complemented by a wild-type allele of the PDR3 gene. The sequence of the wild-type PDR3 gene revealed the presence of a long open reading frame capable of encoding a 976-amino acid protein. The protein contains a single Zn(II)2Cys6 binuclear-type zinc finger homologous to the DNA-binding motifs of other transcriptional activators from lower eukaryotes. Evidence that the PDR3 protein is a transcriptional activator was provided by demonstrating that DNA-bound LexA-PDR3 fusion proteins stimulate expression of a nearby promoter containing LexA binding sites. The use of LexA-PDR3 fusions revealed that the protein contains two activation domains, one localised near the N-terminal, cysteine-rich domain and the other localised at the C-terminus. The salient feature of the PDR3 protein is its similarity to the protein coded by PDR1, a gene responsible for pleiotropic drug resistance. The two proteins show 36% amino acid identity over their entire length and their zinc finger DNA-binding domains are highly conserved. The fact that the absence of both PDR1 and PDR3 (simultaneous disruption of the two genes) enhances multidrug sensitivity strongly suggests that the two transcriptional factors have closely related functions.

Alternate JournalMol. Gen. Genet.
PubMed ID8078477

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