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The regulation of iron homeostasis in the fungal human pathogen Candida glabrata

TitleThe regulation of iron homeostasis in the fungal human pathogen Candida glabrata
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsDevaux, F, Thiébaut, A
JournalMicrobiology
Volume165
Pagination1041-1060
Type of ArticleJournal Article
ISSN1350-0872
KeywordsIron
Abstract

Iron is an essential element to most microorganisms, yet an excess of iron is toxic. Hence, living cells have to maintain a tight balance between iron uptake and iron consumption and storage. The control of intracellular iron concentrations is particularly challenging for pathogens because mammalian organisms have evolved sophisticated high-affinity systems to sequester iron from microbes and because iron availability fluctuates among the different host niches. In this review, we present the current understanding of iron homeostasis and its regulation in the fungal pathogen Candida glabrata. This yeast is an emerging pathogen which has become the second leading cause of candidemia, a life-threatening invasive mycosis. C. glabrata is relatively poorly studied compared to the closely related model yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae or to the pathogenic yeast Candida albicans. Still, several research groups have started to identify the actors of C. glabrata iron homeostasis and its transcriptional and post-transcriptional regulation. These studies have revealed interesting particularities of C. glabrata and have shed new light on the evolution of fungal iron homeostasis.

URLhttps://www.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/micro/10.1099/mic.0.000807
DOI10.1099/mic.0.000807

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