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TMEM126A is a mitochondrial located mRNA (MLR) protein of the mitochondrial inner membrane.

TitleTMEM126A is a mitochondrial located mRNA (MLR) protein of the mitochondrial inner membrane.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsHanein, S, Garcia, M, Fares-Taie, L, Serre, V, De Keyzer, Y, Delaveau, T, Perrault, I, Delphin, N, Gerber, S, Schmitt, A, Masse, J-M, Munnich, A, Kaplan, J, Devaux, F, Rozet, J-M
JournalBiochim Biophys Acta
Volume1830
Issue6
Pagination3719-33
Date Published2013 Jun
ISSN0006-3002
KeywordsAnimals, Cercopithecus aethiops, COS Cells, Genetic Diseases, Inborn, GTP Phosphohydrolases, Humans, Membrane Proteins, Mitochondrial Membranes, Mitochondrial Proteins, Mutation, Optic Nerve Diseases, Protein Biosynthesis, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Retinal Ganglion Cells, RNA, Messenger
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Hereditary optic neuropathies (HONs) are a heterogeneous group of disorders that affect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and axons that form the optic nerve. Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy and the autosomal dominant optic atrophy related to OPA1 mutations are the most common forms. Nonsyndromic autosomal recessive optic neuropathies are rare and their existence has been long debated. We recently identified the first gene responsible for these conditions, TMEM126A. This gene is highly expressed in retinal cellular compartments enriched in mitochondria and supposed to encode a mitochondrial transmembrane protein of unknown function.METHODS: A specific polyclonal antibody targeting the TMEM126A protein has been generated. Quantitative fluorescent in situ hybridization, cellular fractionation, mitochondrial membrane association study, mitochondrial sub compartmentalization analysis by both proteolysis assays and transmission electron microscopy, and expression analysis of truncated TMEM126A constructs by immunofluorescence confocal microscopy were carried out.RESULTS: TMEM126A mRNAs are strongly enriched in the vicinity of mitochondria and encode an inner mitochondrial membrane associated cristae protein. Moreover, the second transmembrane domain of TMEM126A is required for its mitochondrial localization.CONCLUSIONS: TMEM126A is a mitochondrial located mRNA (MLR) that may be translated in the mitochondrial surface and the protein is subsequently imported to the inner membrane. These data constitute the first step toward a better understanding of the mechanism of action of TMEM126A in RGCs and support the importance of mitochondrial dysfunction in the pathogenesis of HON.GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: Local translation of nuclearly encoded mitochondrial mRNAs might be a mechanism for rapid onsite supply of mitochondrial membrane proteins.

DOI10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.02.025
Alternate JournalBiochim. Biophys. Acta
PubMed ID23500070