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A systems-wide understanding of photosynthetic acclimation in algae and higher plants.

TitleA systems-wide understanding of photosynthetic acclimation in algae and higher plants.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsMoejes, FWanjiku, Matuszynska, A, Adhikari, K, Bassi, R, Cariti, F, Cogne, G, Dikaios, I, Falciatore, A, Finazzi, G, Flori, S, Goldschmidt-Clermont, M, Magni, S, Maguire, J, Le Monnier, A, Müller, K, Poolman, M, Singh, D, Spelberg, S, Stella, GRocco, Succurro, A, Taddei, L, Urbain, B, Villanova, V, Zabke, C, Ebenhöh, O
JournalJ Exp Bot
Date Published2017 05 17
KeywordsAcclimatization, Chlorophyta, Models, Biological, Photosynthesis, Plants, Systems Biology

The ability of phototrophs to colonise different environments relies on robust protection against oxidative stress, a critical requirement for the successful evolutionary transition from water to land. Photosynthetic organisms have developed numerous strategies to adapt their photosynthetic apparatus to changing light conditions in order to optimise their photosynthetic yield, which is crucial for life on Earth to exist. Photosynthetic acclimation is an excellent example of the complexity of biological systems, where highly diverse processes, ranging from electron excitation over protein protonation to enzymatic processes coupling ion gradients with biosynthetic activity, interact on drastically different timescales from picoseconds to hours. Efficient functioning of the photosynthetic apparatus and its protection is paramount for efficient downstream processes, including metabolism and growth. Modern experimental techniques can be successfully integrated with theoretical and mathematical models to promote our understanding of underlying mechanisms and principles. This review aims to provide a retrospective analysis of multidisciplinary photosynthetic acclimation research carried out by members of the Marie Curie Initial Training Project, AccliPhot, placing the results in a wider context. The review also highlights the applicability of photosynthetic organisms for industry, particularly with regards to the cultivation of microalgae. It intends to demonstrate how theoretical concepts can successfully complement experimental studies broadening our knowledge of common principles in acclimation processes in photosynthetic organisms, as well as in the field of applied microalgal biotechnology.

Alternate JournalJ. Exp. Bot.
PubMed ID28830099

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